Diabetes & Diet – 4 Reasons to Eat Bitter Melon

Don't eat bitter melon? Here are reasons why you should!


Although considered as the most bitter among veggies, Bitter melon,is rich in minerals and vitamins. Long used for diabetes control, you should also include this superfood in your diabetic diet.

Below are four reasons why.

#1 – Hides Secret Anti-diabetic compounds

Bitter melon contains three active compounds known for their anti-diabetic properties.

  • Charantin can help to reduce insulin resistance and improve insulin sensitivity and non-fasting blood sugar levels.
  • Vicine is known to decrease blood glucose.
  • Polypeptide-P functions like insulin in a way, mimicking the way insulin acts on the body. This compound produces hypoglycemic effects and lowers blood glucose levels naturally.

#2 – Fights Inflammation  

Studies have shown that chronic inflammation plays a role in diabetes. It increases insulin resistance, making it difficult for insulin to transport glucose into the cells.

Bitter melon has anti-inflammatory properties. By helping control chronic inflammation, insulin resistance can be reduced.

#3 – Blast Free Radicals  

Bitter melon is known for its antioxidant properties. It can help protect the nerves against damage caused by oxidative stress, a condition resulting from increased production of free radicals.

Bitter melon, as a potent antioxidant, can reduce oxidative stress and, at the same time, decrease blood sugar levels and normalize high blood pressure.

#4 – Stimulate the Secretion of Insulin

Bitter melon can stimulate the pancreas, specifically the pancreatic B cells, to secrete insulin while, at the same time, helping the cells regenerate. In addition, bitter melon can also improve glucose uptake not only in the liver but in the adipose tissues as well.


Antidiabetic effects of Momordica charantia (bitter melon) and its medicinal potency. URL Link. Accessed: August 24, 2017

Bitter melon: a panacea for inflammation and cancer. URL Link. Accessed: August 24, 2017

Antiglycation and Antioxidant Properties of Momordica charantia. URL Link. Accessed: August 24, 2017

Antidiabetic effects of Momordica charantia (bitter melon) and its medicinal potency. URL Link. August 24, 2017.


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Jen is a physical therapist and freelance medical writer from the Philippines. She's a regular contributor to several health blogs, including medical cannabis sites. She left her day job in 2006 and finds it more fulfilling to work from home, be with her family, and write about topics she's passionate about (anything about the medical world!).