Although considered as the most bitter among veggies, Bitter melon,is rich in minerals and vitamins. Long used for diabetes control, you should also include this superfood in your diabetic diet.
Below are four reasons why.
#1 – Hides Secret Anti-diabetic compounds
Bitter melon contains three active compounds known for their anti-diabetic properties.
- Charantin can help to reduce insulin resistance and improve insulin sensitivity and non-fasting blood sugar levels.
- Vicine is known to decrease blood glucose.
- Polypeptide-P functions like insulin in a way, mimicking the way insulin acts on the body. This compound produces hypoglycemic effects and lowers blood glucose levels naturally.
#2 – Fights Inflammation
Studies have shown that chronic inflammation plays a role in diabetes. It increases insulin resistance, making it difficult for insulin to transport glucose into the cells.
Bitter melon has anti-inflammatory properties. By helping control chronic inflammation, insulin resistance can be reduced.
#3 – Blast Free Radicals
Bitter melon is known for its antioxidant properties. It can help protect the nerves against damage caused by oxidative stress, a condition resulting from increased production of free radicals.
Bitter melon, as a potent antioxidant, can reduce oxidative stress and, at the same time, decrease blood sugar levels and normalize high blood pressure.
#4 – Stimulate the Secretion of Insulin
Bitter melon can stimulate the pancreas, specifically the pancreatic B cells, to secrete insulin while, at the same time, helping the cells regenerate. In addition, bitter melon can also improve glucose uptake not only in the liver but in the adipose tissues as well.References
Antidiabetic effects of Momordica charantia (bitter melon) and its medicinal potency. URL Link. Accessed: August 24, 2017
Bitter melon: a panacea for inflammation and cancer. URL Link. Accessed: August 24, 2017
Antiglycation and Antioxidant Properties of Momordica charantia. URL Link. Accessed: August 24, 2017
Antidiabetic effects of Momordica charantia (bitter melon) and its medicinal potency. URL Link. August 24, 2017.